Nataliya Kosmyna
2017, Europe

Nataliya Kosmyna is on a mission to make brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) useful tools for  people with disabilities. A BCI works by translating electrophysiological brain signals into an output that reflects the user’s intent or mental state. BCIs are used in a range of medical applications, most notably in helping people with severe motor disabilities. Kosmyna’s innovative approach adapts BCI technology to different levels of a patient’s motor ability; as capacity to complete certain tasks diminishes, Kosmyna’s system will use more signals to increase sensitivity to different bodily signals. Her approach even contemplates the possibility to include a Sims-like simulator where patients can perform daily tasks and even communicate with one another. Kosmyna’s system is in the functional prototype stage of development and will be distributed to seven industrial companies for testing.